Why is it worth to go about organic agriculture?

 Why is it worth to go about organic agriculture?


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Today Ukraine has favorable conditions for planting ecologically safe agriculture products. This situation occurred because creating their products, Ukrainian manufacturers face financial difficulties, consequently, scarcely use agrichemicals. The internal market of ecologically safe products is still almost absent, which is connected with high price and low paying capacity of the majority of Ukrainian people.

 At the same time, Ukraine has already become a successful  exporter of ecologically safe products at the international market: it is on the 16th place  in the top list of 100 manufacturing countries according to the area for planting ecologically safe products.

According to the overall statistics, in 2008 more than 3 ha of arable land were not in use in Ukraine. At the beginning of 2009 approximately 240 000 ha were certificated as ecologically safe.

The efficiency of such products of Ukrainian origin, which are delivered to the European Union, is about 200-250%. The need of the European Union in ecologically safe products constantly increases, there are all positive conditions for exporting our products for the world market.

It will provide Ukraine with the opportunity to take one of the dominating places in provision the market with ecologically safe food products in the European Community. Consequently, it will make Ukraine closer to joining the European Union. For resolving this problem in Ukraine, it is necessary to create and implement the technology which forbids or restricts the usage of combined synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, regulators of growth and food supplements. Such technology should be based on the correct usage of crop rotation, using plant droppings, composts and other organic leftovers as fertilizers and biologic means of eliminating pests and weeds. Let’s have a look at the conditions for work according to the system of organic agriculture.

Four conditions of organic agriculture:

For making organic farming cost-effective and profitable for both – soil and corn grower, it is necessary to follow several rules.

If you thought that, having thrown mulch around the ground you had already become involved in organic farming, you were mistaken. To become engaged with organic farming it is important to follow some rules. They are the following:

  • Optimal and constant watering. Moisture is considered to be one of the most important factors for organic farming. If soil gets dry it becomes tighter than the soil with normal level of moistening. The life in dry soil almost stops and vice versa - moisture overstocking  leads to silaging. In the same way we sour cabbage for winter. Though we like to savor sour cabbage, plants cannot stand such environment. All in all, the first rule of organic farming is optimal and constant moisture.
  • Soil should contain the system of air holes and channels which are connected with the atmosphere. At first, let’s find out why we need oxygen both in soil and organic farming in particular. We know from childhood that oxygen is the basis for life on earth, nothing will exist without it. So why have we decided that the life-sustaining process of very essential bacteria, microorganisms, worms will take place without air and oxygen? And that is not all. A range of very important chemical reactions, which are very essential for organic farming and farming in general cannot take place without oxygen. Nitrification (transformation of nitrogen into absorbing forms) does not take place; acids, which split phosphorus, potassium and other microelements, do not work; and finally, water will not get into the soil without air holes and channels. Let’s move further on.
  • In summer soil should constantly be colder than air. Now, many people may ask – why should it be colder if we always try to warm it for appearing sproutings? Everything is fully correct. Nobody tells that the soil should be of minus temperature. The point is that the temperature of soil should be lower than the temperature of air. Owing to this, we can create an optimal temperature regime for plants, where nitrobacteria will function in a usual way, dew drops will gather at the sides of such channels.
  • Overstocking of carbonic acid (H2CO3) for dissolving minerals. Carbonic acid is created by the union of carbon dioxide and water, the elements of nutrition cannot dissolve without it. For water and carbon dioxide combination in the ground the three previous rules should be followed.

Therefore, having fulfilled all four rules, the most favorable conditions for plant roots are created, it leads to the increasing of harvest characteristics of all crops by several times. To achieve such results it is advisable to use a few simple procedures – to apply constant mulching, to forget about deep digging and plowing.

One of the variants of constant soil watering is an application of MaxiMarin technology which we will characterize further on.

MaxiMarin is developed both for usage in farming, vine growing, gardening, vegeculture and the growing of houseplants in forestry, landscape design, laying grass lawns.

The usage of MaxiMarin makes it possible to use soil moisture rationally with every plant absorbing necessary quantity of water.

granules1How to use MaxiMarin?

MaxiMarin should be applied near root system of a plant. Granules absorb moisture, roots seep into them and if necessary, bleed appropriate quantity of water.

MaxiMarin can be used both in preparation of soil, compost fertilizers and other substrates before planting or for long-term plants, puncturing holes around a tree (closer to the periphery) for a depth of root nominal placement and bringing in every hole appropriate number of granules MaxiMarin with further abundant watering.

What is the effect of usage MaxiMarin ?

Firstly, it is the economy of water up to 50 %. In case water is used rationally and overwatering is not allowed, a plant can take the necessary amount of water any time.

There exists the 40% economy of fertilizers, because MaxiMarin keeps them together with the water inside the granules, preventing their removal into deep layers of soil, which are inaccessible for a root system of a plant.

Soil aeration and drainage ameliorate, because the processes of constant widening and narrowing of granules create the channels for air access to the roots. MaxiMarin does not have provision for soil contraction, it is safe, nontoxical, neutral, inactive to herbicides, pesticides, nematocides, completely useful and economical.

All these features make it possible to accelerate plant growth and to increase fruitfulness, it shortens pre-fruit-bearing period and improves market conditions of our products.

What is the difference between MaxiMarin and other products based on super absorbents?

MaxiMarin is a unique system of independent watering and useful substances.

The main difference between MaxiMarin and other super absorbents is that MaxiMarin does not only absorb water, but accumulates it or when necessary, returns it to the plant root system. Besides, this process may be endless unless the total break-up of the substance takes place.

The manufacturer guaranties fail-safe effect of MaxiMarin up to 10 years while other famous analogues provide the effect from 1 to 4 years.

MaxiMarin is absolutely harmless for plants and environment.

This is the product which is based on potassium. The latter is nontoxic and very useful for soil. After breakup it decomposes into azotic formations, carbon dioxide and water.

Now let’s follow up the question about the role of microorganisms in the system of organic agriculture.

A very important indicator of fertility is the presence of organic substances in the soil.

The major part of plant, animal and microbial remains are mineralized by soil microorganisms.

The break-up of organic remains and the synthesis of new formations (an integral part of soil) proceed under the influence of ferments, which are segregated by different groups of microorganisms.  Neither minerals, nor organic substances never change into the form, plants may absorb. First of all, microorganisms and other soil inhabitants carry this function. Microbial associations not only spread out organic remains for more simple organic and mineral formations, but actively take part in the synthesis of high molecular formations – humic acids, which constitute the fund of soil nutrients.

The leading feature of soil-forming process is the creation of humus. Humus is a group of high-molecular formations, chemical nature of which has not been determined yet. There exist four types of formations: humic acids, humins, fulvic acids and hymatomelanic acids. Soil microorgansms play the important role in the formation of humus. From one side, they break up different remains (primarily of vegetable origin), forming structural components of humus substances. Besides that, during their life-sustaining activity, microorganisms make out the substances which are structural components of humus.

Fading out, microorganisms pass into the soil large amount of organics, which contributes to the formation of humus.

Microscopic soil organisms carry many various functions. For example, in anaerobic conditions they actively ferment complex organic formations, converting them into simple molecular substances, which are easily absorbed by plants.

Microbes-antagonists play the important role in increasing the level of plant fruitfulness and improving soil fertility. It is a particular group of bacteria, fungi, yeasts and other microorganisms, which create different biologically active substances (BAR), on the first place antibiotic substances, which weigh down the growth and development of pathogenic microbial flora. Soil microorganisms create complex biocoenosis, where their different groups are interconnected.

One part of them exists successfully, but the other part belongs to antagonists. The main purpose of organic agriculture lies in the creation of appropriate conditions for the development of favorable microbial flora, leading to soil recovery, increasing its fertility and crop fruitfulness.

So as we can see organic agriculture is a promising direction in the sphere of agricultural sector, which must become predominant factor in the development of Ukrainian agro industrial complex.

 

AgroExpo 2018

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