Humates of brown coals

Humates stimulate growth and development of plants:

Increase productivity

Strengthen root system

Facilitate circulation and intake of nutrients in plants

Reduce the vegetative period, accelerate flowering.

Strengthen immune system of plants:

Protect plants from diseases and adverse conditions

Protect from application consequences pesticides

Make beneficial impact on the soil:

Connect heavy metals, increase gas permeability of soils,

Strengthen mobility of phosphorus and nitrogen,

Neutralize negative influence of pesticides.

What is the humates? Their influence on plants.

Natural organic connections — humate  acids — are formed in the course of a humifikation  of products of an animal, vegetative and microbic origin. Their main part is steady against biochemical splitting therefore they collect in the soil, peat, the brown and disappeared coals. From these sources they can be allocated with solutions of alkalis in the form of soluble salts — humates.

Humates (salt of humic acids) it is good soluble in water and possess physiologically active properties, in small doses stimulate growth and development of plants' and in the big — oppress. Their action needs to be considered as regulatory, instead of as fertilizer. Humatic substances influence a plant directly or. indirectly. Indirect effect is connected with improvement of water physical properties of the soil, micro flora activization, influence on migration of nutritious elements, increase of efficiency of mineral fertilizers, linkage of toxic agents (pesticides, heavy metals, etc.). Along with it humatic substances have direct deep and versatile effect on processes of growth of plants, i.e. carry out their regulation.

Under the influence of humatic substances permeability of cellular membranes changes, activity of many enzymes, breathe, synthesis of proteins and carbohydrates raises. They make positive impact on a mineral food of plants, water exchange, increase the maintenance of a chlorophyll, efficiency of photosynthesis and a transpiration. All this finally leads to growth strengthening, crop increase, acceleration of its maturing and improvement of quality of production.

The relative positive effect of humatic substances increases at a deviation of conditions from an optimum (high and low temperatures, a lack of moisture, salinization, high concentration of nitrogen, pesticides and other) Preliminary humatic processing of seeds or plants increases nonspecific resilience them to a stress and promotes activization of regenerative processes. When entering a preparation into the soil this action as it was noted above, can be mediated through change of physical and chemical properties rhizosphere, strengthening of the enzymatic and microbiological processes leading to decomposition of toxic hydrocarbons, and also at the expense of formation of the difficult high-molecular complexes possessing lower mobility.

Thus, application of humatic substances promotes not only to productivity increase, but also stability of plants to adverse factors of the environment, restoration of productive process and reduction of accumulation of harmful substances in agricultural production. On the action on plants they can be carried not only to growth regulators, but also to adaptogenes.

Use of humatic substances especially expediently in zones with sharp fluctuations of weather conditions, at cultivation of crops on industrial technology when the raised doses of fertilizers and pesticides, and also in areas of technogenic pollution are applied.

Complex properties of humatic substances opens ample opportunities of updating of their structure and properties, creations of complex compositions on their basis with microcells, pesticides and other complexing reagents.

The natural origin and wide range of biological action of humatic substances on live organisms allow to use them as perspective regulators of growth and adaptogenes.

Application of humates of brown coals on various cultures

Grain crops

Wheat and barley (summer and winter), rye, oats, rice, buckwheat and others.

Raises germination of seeds and mass of grain from one plant. The crop on soils of different level of fertility increases by 10-15 %, and a gluten in wheat grain - for 2-4 %. The root system and a stalk becomes stronger, incidence decreases, stability of plants to natural influences to frosts, a drought, excess of moisture raises. Digestion of mineral fertilizers considerably improves

Leguminous cultures

Corn, peas, beans, chickpeas, soybeans

The crop increases by 10-15 %, raises germination of seeds, the fortress of escapes, considerably increases mass of the plant and its root system, maturing is accelerated, digestion of mineral fertilizers improves, incidence decreases and stability of plants to natural influences to frosts, a drought, excess of moisture raises.

Commercial crops

Sunflower, rape and others it is grateful respond on the best that can receive. It increases and accelerated germination of  seeds, shoots become stronger. Application of humates promotes more complete digestion of mineral fertilizers, develops resilience of plants to diseases and adverse climatic conditions - to frosts, a shortcoming or excess of moisture. Crops raise for 10-15 % at considerable improvement of commodity qualities, contents of oils, protein and other important components.

Root crops

Sugar beet, potatoes, carrots with humates much quicker than the usual gain root weight and useful substances. Level of productivity rises by 15-25 %, plants successfully resist to various diseases and vagaries of the weather: to frosts, a drought and the increased humidity. Better and in large volumes acquire nutrients from the soil. The trade dress and safety become much better that is important for root crops.

Vegetable cultures

The tomato, pepper, cabbage, cucumbers, eggplants, vegetable marrows sensitively react to external conditions.

The increase of a crop of vegetables with processing by humates makes 15-25 % at acceleration of terms of maturing of sound fruits.

When wetting roots of sprouts in humate solution before disembarkation to the soil and further top dressing vegetables are ill much less, accumulate vitamins and other useful substances more actively, fruits become more tasty, more exactly on the size and it is more attractive from the commodity point of view.

Melon crops

Water-melon, melon, pumpkin from the most whimsical to weather conditions. Protection by humates from too dry, it is superfluous damp weather or frosts yields fine results. An increase in 20-40 % of a crop of high-quality commodity fruits, juiciness, good taste and decrease in the content of nitrates. Terms of maturing of all melon crops are thus accelerated.

Fruit and berry crops

The apple-tree, pear, cherry, raspberry, currant and other cultures when processing by humates transfer frosts and a heat, long rains and a lack of moisture much easier. The crop of fruits and berries increases for 20-30 %. Fruits become more juicy, with saturated taste and an attractive trade dress. The age of a fruitfulness of trees and bushes increases.

When wetting sprouts before disembarkation to the soil and soaking of shanks of fruit and berry and ornamental shrubs quality of rooting and further development of plants sharply raises.